Hebrew Calendar

Hebrew Calendar: The Fourth Month

Shalom everyone! The Fourth Month of the Hebrew calendar later became known as “Tamuz” and the tenth month of the “civil year” after the Babylonian Exile. The word “Tamuz” comes from the Assyrian-Babylonian month Arah Dumuzu named in honor of the Assyrian-Babylonian deity “Tamuz.” The Fourth Month has 29 days and typically occurs in Summer during the months of June to July on the Gregorian calendar.

The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the Fourth Month, also known as “Tamuz”:

The following are some of the significant events in Israelite history which occurred during the Fourth Month, also known as “Tamuz”:

Pre-Babylonian Exile

  • 1 of 4th Month (2134 AM) – Birth of Joseph, son of Jacob
  • 3 of 4th Month (3rd day of the Fourth Month) (circa 1272 BCE) – Joshua stops the sun (Joshua 10:1-15)
  • 5 of 4th Month (circa 592 BCE) – Ezekiel receives his “Chariot” vision (Ezekiel 1:4-26)
  • 9 of 4th Month (circa 586 BCE) – Jerusalem walls breached by King Nebuchadnezzar, a date observed as a fast day until the second breaching of Jerusalem’s walls by the Romans on the 17th of Tammuz (70 CE)
  • 17 of 4th Month (circa 1312 BCE) – Golden Calf offered by the Jewish people, 40 days after the giving of the Torah at Har Sinai. This is the first of the 5 national tragedies mourned on this day.
  • 17 of 4th Month (circa 1312 BCE) – Smashing of the first Tablets by Moses.
  • 17 of 4th Month (circa 586 BCE) – The daily sacrifices in the Holy Temple were discontinued.

Post-Babylonian Exile

  • 17 of Tamuz (70 CE) – Walls of Jerusalem breached by the Roman army.
  • 17 of Tamuz – The Roman general Apostomus burned the Torah and placed an idol in the Holy Temple.
  • 17 of Tamuz (1776 CE) – Declaration of Independence of the United States of America



Categories: Hebrew Calendar

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