Shalom everyone! The Seventh Month of the Hebrew calendar later became known in the Tanakh as “Ethanim” prior to the Babylonian Exile. After the Babylonian Exile, the Seventh Month became known as “Tishrei” and the first month of the civil year. On the first day of the Seventh Month (1 of Tishrei) the count of the year is increased by one on the post-Exilic Hebrew calendar. The word “Tishrei” comes from the Akkadian word “tašrītu” which means “beginning.” The Seventh Month has 30 days and typically occurs in the Fall during the months of September to October on the Gregorian calendar.
The following are the holidays that occur during the Seventh Month, also known as “Ethanim” or “Tishrei”:
- 1 of 7th Month – Yom Teruah (Also known as 1 of Tishrei, Rosh haShanah)
- 3 of Tishrei – Tzom Gedaliah (Fast Day)
- 10 of 7th Month – Yom HaKippurim (Fast Day)
- 15-21 of 7th Month – Sukkot
- 21 of 7th Month – Hoshanah Rabbah
- 22 of 7th Month Shemini Atzeret
The following are some of the significant events in Israelite history which occurred during the Seventh Month, also known as “Ethanim” or “Tishrei”:
- 1 of 7th Month (c. 3760 BCE) – Adam & Eve were created, according to one opinion in the Talmud.
- 3 of 7th Month (c. 582 BCE) – Assassination of Gedaliah; now a fast day. (According to many opinions, the assassination actually occurred on Rosh Hashanah, but the commemoration of the event is postponed to the day after the festival).
- 5 of 7th Month (2130 AM) – Birth of Naphtali, son of Jacob
- 7 of 7th Month (2134 AM) – Birth of Zevulun, son of Jacob
- 7 of 7th Month (2134 AM) – Birth of Dinah, son of Jacob
- 8 of 7th Month (c. 826 BCE) – 14-day dedication of Solomon‘s Temple begins.
- 10 of 7th Month (c. 1313 BCE) – Moses returns from a final trip to Mount Sinai, bearing a second set of tablets and a message of forgiveness for the Golden Calf.
- 5 of Tishrei (134 CE) – Rabbi Akiva tortured and executed.
Categories: Hebrew Calendar