Shalom everyone! The Tenth Month of the Hebrew calendar became known as “Tevet” and the fourth month of the “civil year”, after the Babylonian Exile. The word “Tevet” comes from the Akkadian word “tebētu“ which means to “sink” or “sink down” due to the muddy conditions which occur during the rainy season. The Tenth Month has 29 days and typically occurs in Winter during the months of December to January on the Gregorian calendar.
The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the Tenth Month, also known as “Tevet“:
- 2 of Tevet – Hanukkah ends (3 of Tevet if Kislev is short).
- 10 of Tevet – Asara b’Tevet – (Fast Day)
The following are some of the significant events in Jewish history which occurred during the Tenth Month, also known as “Tevet“:
- 10 of Tenth Month (588 BCE) – Nebuchadnezzar II‘s armies besiege Jerusalem; now commemorated as a fast day.
- Tevet (circa 362 BCE) – Esther was taken to King Achashverosh‘s palace, leading to her becoming queen (Esther 2:16-17).
- 20 of Tevet (1483) -The first volume of the Babylonian Talmud, the tractate Berachot, is printed in Soncino, Italy.
- 22 of Tevet (1496) – Expulsion of Jews from Portugal, four years after the expulsion from Spain.
- 24 of Tevet (3rd-century BCE) – Jewish elders procure the translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek (Septuagint) for Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
- 28 of Tevet (81 BCE) – Shimon ben Shetach ejects the Sadducees from the Sanhedrin, replacing them with his Mishnah (loyal Pharisaic disciples).
Categories: Hebrew Calendar