Hebrew Calendar

Hebrew Calendar: The Third Month (“Sivan”)

Shalom everyone! The Third Month of the Hebrew calendar is of great significance because it was during this month that the Torah was given by Yah to the Nation of Israel at Mount Sinai, after the Exodus from Mizraim (Egypt). During the course of the Babylonian Exile, however, the third month became known as “Sivan” and as the ninth month of the civil year in the post-Exilic era. The word “Sivan” is from the Akkadian word simānu meaning “season” or “time.” Sivan has 30 days and typically occurs in Spring during the months of May to June on the Gregorian calendar.

The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the Third Month, also known as “Sivan”:

  • 6 of 3rd Month – Shavuot

The following are some of the significant events in Israelite history which occurred during the Third Month, also known as “Sivan”:

Pre-Babylonian Exile

  • 6 of 3rd Month (circa 1313 BC) – The Torah was given to Moses at Mt. Sinai and thus observed as the holiday of Shavuot. Though the holiday is celebrated on 6th day of Third Month, the Torah was actually given to the Nation of Israel on the third day of the month (Exodus 19:16).

Post-Babylonian Exile

  • 23 of Sivan (474 BCE) – Mordechai and Esther sent letters so that the Jews shall prepare themselves for the annihilation plan orchestrated by Haman to be committed against them on the 13th of the following Adar.



Categories: Hebrew Calendar

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