Geography

Geography: The African Diaspora

A map showing countries with significant numbers of people of African descent. Image credit: compareafrique.com

Shalom everyone! The African Diaspora, a term coined in the 1990s, refers to communities throughout the world that have resulted from the movement throughout history of peoples from Africa. These dispersed African communities are found primarily in the Americas (North America, the Caribbean, Central America and South America), Europe, the Middle East, Asia and other regions of the world. Historically, the term “African Diaspora” referred primarily to the descendants of West and Central Africans kidnapped, enslaved and brought to the Americas in the Atlantic Slave Trade. In recent times, however, the term has been expanded to include the descendants of sub-Saharan Africans enslaved and brought to the Middle East and Asia in the Arab Slave Trade; and also to voluntarily immigrants from African countries to other regions of the world.

The African Union defines “African Diaspora” as follows:

“[Consisting] of people of African origin living outside the continent, irrespective of their citizenship and nationality and who are willing to contribute to the development of the continent and the building of the African Union.” Its constitutive act declares that it shall “invite and encourage the full participation of the African Diaspora as an important part of our continent, in the building of the African Union.”

African Diaspora populations include:


The follow is a list of countries with the largest populations of African descent from Wikipedia.org:

Country Population Notes
 Brazil 55,900,000 including multiracial people, 6.84% (black) + 20.6% (mulatto pardos)
 United States 42,020,743 including 3,091,424 citing both Black and another race
 Haiti 8,788,439
 Dominican Republic 7,985,991
 Colombia 5,019,100
 France 3,800,000
 Jamaica 2,731,419
 United Kingdom 2,080,000
 Cuba 1,126,894
 Italy 1,100,000
 Puerto Rico 979,842
 Peru 875,427
 Germany 817,150
 Canada 783,795
 Spain 690,291
 Ecuador 680,000
 Trinidad and Tobago 607,472

The following is a table showing the worldwide population of the African Diaspora from Wikipedia.org:

Continent or region Country population Afro-descendants Black and black-mixed population
Caribbean 39,148,115 73.2% 22,715,518
Haiti 9,719,932 95% 9,233,935 + 476,277
Dominican Republic 10,090,000 84% 1,109,900 + 7,365,700
Cuba 11,239,363 34.9% 1,132,928 + 2,794,106
Jamaica 2,909,714 97.4% 2,653,659 + 180,402
Trinidad and Tobago 1,328,019 34.2% 454,182
Puerto Rico 3,725,789 15.7% 461,998 + 122,951
Barbados 281,968 90.0% 253,771
The Bahamas 307,451 85.0% 209,000
Netherlands Antilles 225,369 85.0% 191,564
Saint Lucia 172,884 82.5% 142,629
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 118,432 85.0% 100,667
Grenada 110,000 91.0% 101,309
US Virgin Islands 108,210 79.7% 86,243
Dominica 71,293 95.7% (86.8% Black + 8.9% Mixed) 61,882 + 9,411
Antigua and Barbuda 78,000 94.9% 63,000
Bermuda 66,536 61.2% 40,720
Saint Kitts and Nevis 39,619 98.0% 38,827
Cayman Islands 47,862 60.0% 28,717
British Virgin Islands 24,004 83.0% 19,923
Turks and Caicos islands 26,000 > 90.0% 18,000
South America 388,570,461 N/A N/A
Brazil 190,732,694 7.61% (black) + 20,6% (mulatto pardos) 14,517,961 (black)
Colombia 45,925,397 4.0% (black) + 3.0% (Zambo) + 14.0% (Mulatto) 1,837,015 + 1,377,762 + 6,429,556
Ecuador 13,927,650 4.9% 680,000
Peru 29,496,000 2.0% 589,920
Guyana 770,794 36.0% 277,486
Suriname 475,996 37.0% 223,718
Paraguay 6,349,000 3.5% (Mulatto) 222,215
Venezuela 27,227,930 2.8% (black) 181,157
Uruguay 3,494,382 4.0% 139,775
French Guiana 199,509 66.0% 131,676
Bolivia 10,907,778 ~0.5% 54,539
Argentina 40,091,359 ~0.12% ~50,000
Chile 17,094,270 < 0.1% 0*
North America 450,545,368 9.52% 42,907,538
United States 308,745,538 13.6% 42,020,743
Canada 33,098,932 2.7% 783,795
Mexico 108,700,891 < 0.1% 103,000
Central America 41,283,652 3.5% 1,453,761
Nicaragua 5,785,846 9.0% 520,726
Panama 3,292,693 14.0% 460,977
Honduras 7,639,327 2.0% 152,787
Costa Rica 4,195,914 3.0% 125,877
Guatemala 13,002,206 < 1.0% 100,000
Belize 301,270 31.0% 93,394
El Salvador 7,066,403 < 0.1% 3,000
Europe 738,856,462 ~ 1.0% < 8,000,000
France 62,752,136 8.0% (inc. overseas territories) 3,800,000
United Kingdom 60,609,153 3.3% (inc. partial) 2,015,400
Germany 82,000,000 1.0% 817,150
Netherlands 16,491,461 3.1% 507,000
Italy 60,020,805 0.54 % 324,917
Portugal 10,605,870 2.0% 201,200
Spain 40,397,842 1.6% 683,000
Sweden 9,263,872 1.2% ~115,000
Norway 4,858,199 1.4% 67,000
Belgium 10,666,866 2.7% ~300,000
Republic of Ireland 4,339,000 1.1% 45,000
Russia 141,594,000 0.03% 40,000
Switzerland 7,790,000 0.7% 57,000
Finland 5,340,783 0.37% 20,000
Austria 8,356,707 0.2% 14,223
Ukraine 45,982,000 0.01% 4,500
Hungary 10,198,325 0.06% 6,500
Asia 3,879,000,000 0.0% ~327,904
Israel 7,411,000 2.8% 200,000
India 1,132,446,000 0.0% 40,000
Malaysia 28,334,135 0.11% 31,904
Hong Kong 7,200,000 < 0.3% < 20,000
China 1,321,851,888 0.038% 16,000
Japan 127,756,815 0.01% 10,000 –
Pakistan 172,900,000 0.0% 10,000

Source(s):

Advertisements

Categories: Geography

Tagged as: ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s