Shalom everyone! The following is a diagram of the generations of Noah (Noach), from his son Japheth to his grandson Kittim, progenitor of the Romim (Romans), based upon the accounts of the Book of Genesis (Bereshith) in the Tanakh, the Book of Jasher, the Book of Jubilees and Josephus’ “The Antiquities of the Jews.” The descendants of Japheth, also known as “Japhetites,” are “Indo-Europeans” or Caucasians today. According to Genesis 10:5, it is the sons of Japheth who are the “Gentiles.” Please click twice on the diagram to expand to full size:
The Generations of Noah: The Sons of Japheth
Japheth was the eldest son of Noah though he is mentioned third and last in the Book of Genesis. The Japhethites migrated from Mesopotamia to Europe, West Asia (Turkey, the Caucasus and northern Iran), Central Asia and North Asia. Japheth married Adataneses (Jubilees 7:15) daughter of Eliakim (Jasher 5:35), and had issue:
- Seven sons Gomer, Magog, Madai, Tubal, Meshech, Tiras and Javan (Genesis 10:2).
Japheth is the ancestor of both the Greeks and Romans through his son Javan. The original name for Greece was “Javan.” The Greeks were also the progenitors of the Romans (Romim), who were descended from Javan‘s son Kittim.
Japheth is also the ancestor of the five nations leading the invasion of the Land of Israel in the last days. This end-time event is often called the “Gog-Magog” war. Ezekiel 38 names these five nations as follows: Gomer, Magog, Meshech, Tubal, and Togarmah.
Gomer had three sons, Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah. Ashkenaz was the progenitor of the Germanic peoples. Riphath was the progenitor of the Venetian peoples of Northern Italy. Togarmah was the progenitor of the Turkic peoples. Togarmah is also an ancestor of the Armenian people, together with his uncle brother Ashkenaz. The descendants of Ashkenaz and Togarmah frequently intermarried with each other.
A much overlooked historical event of great significance occurred in the House of Togormah, Gomer‘s third son. Buzar (Khazar) was the progenitor of the Khazars, a semi-nomadic Turkic people who controlled a large territory, Khazaria, which covered parts of Eastern Europe, Southern Russia, the Caucasus and Southwestern Asia. Khazaria was a formidable and feared military and economic superpower in the region. The Khazars, whose native religion was Tengrism, converted en masse to Judaism around 740 CE. When Khazaria was destroyed after successive invasions the Rus people (progenitors of the Russians), the Arabs and the Mongols, the Khazars fled to Central and Eastern Europe including Russia, the Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Romania. Their descendants became known as the Ashkenazim (Eastern European Jews/Ashkenazi Jews) who today make up about 75% of Jews worldwide. The Ashkenazim are descended from Japheth, not from Shem the ancestor of the Hebrew people.
Japheth, being the father of Meshech and Tubal, is also the ancestor of converts to Judaism who have their origins in Southern Europe and Turkey. The converts are known as the Sephardim or Sephardic Jews today.
Noah‘s blessing upon Japheth in Genesis 9:27, “May God enlarge Japheth, And let him dwell in the tents of Shem…” came to fruition firstly, when his descendants through Javan, the Greeks and Romans, conquered and occupied the Land of Israel; secondly, when his descendants through Gomer and Togarmah, the Khazars, converted to Judaism, a Second Temple era expression of the Hebrew faith; thirdly when his descendants the European Crusaders and the successive Kurdish (Medes) Ayyubid, Turkic Mamluk and Ottoman Empires conquered and occupied the Land from 1099 to 1918; fourthly, when his descendants, the British, controlled the Land of Israel from 1918 to 1948; and finally, when his descendants, the Ashkenazim, launched the modern Zionist Movement in 1897 which culminated in the 1948 establishment of the State of Israel in the historic Land of Israel. Indeed, Japheth has dwelt in the tents of Shem for more than 2,300 years.
YAH loves and blesses the stranger who chooses to sincerely follow Him and keep His commandments. Those who are not sincere, or choose to change YAH‘s commandments to suit themselves, He will eventually root out of His Land and out from among His congregation Yisra’el.
|Son of Japheth||Descendants|
|Gomer||Gomer, according to Josephus‘ “The Antiquities of the Jews: Book 1,” was the progenitor of the people originally called “Gomerites” however; the Greeks called them “Galls/Gauls” or “Galatians.” They originally settled a region in west-central Turkey and called it “Galatia.” From Galatia, Gomer‘s descendants migrated further into Europe, West Asia, Central Asia and North Asia.
Gomer had issue, three sons Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah (Genesis 10:3).
|Magog||Magog had issue, two sons Elichanaf and Lubal (Jasher 7:4).
Magog, according to Josephus, was the progenitor of the people originally called “Magogites” however; the Greeks referred to them as “Scythians.” The Scythians lived north of the Black Sea in regions known to today as Moldova, Ukraine, the Crimea. and southeastern Russia. Magog was also the progenitor of the Samartians, the ancestors of the Slavic peoples in Eastern Europe including Russia.
|Madai||Madai married an unnamed daughter of Shem (Jubilees 10:35-36), and had issue, four sons Achon, Zeelo, Chazoni and Lot (Jasher 7:5).
Madai is the progenitor of the Medes, ancestors of the Kurdish people, a fusion of Japhetic and Shemitic peoples.
|Tubal||Tubal had issue, three sons Ariphi, Kesed, and Taari (Jasher 7:7).
Tubal, according to Josephus, was the progenitor of the Thobelites, who were later called the Iberes/Iberians by the Greeks. The Iberians were divided into two groups: Eastern Iberians and Western Iberians. The Eastern Iberians settled in Caucasus region and established the Kingdom of Iberia in what is present-day eastern Georgia. The Western Iberians settled in a region of Western Europe known today as the Iberian Peninsula, where the nations as Spain and Portugal are located. The Western Iberians inhabited the Iberian Peninsula prior to the arrival of the Romans, and later, the Germanic Celts and Visigoths.
|Meshech||Meshech had issue, three sons Dedon, Zaron, and Shebashni (Jasher 7:8).
Meshech, according to Josephus, was progenitor of the Mosocheni later called “Cappadocians” by the Greeks. The Cappadocians settled in west Central Anatolia (Turkey). Cappadocia was bound to the north by Pontus, the south by Cilicia, the west by Lycaonia and Galatia, and east by the Upper Euphrates and Armenia.
|Tiras||Tiras had issue, four sons Benib, Gera, Lupirion, and Gilak (Jasher 7:9), from whom were descended Rushash, Cushni, and Ongolis (Jasher 10:14).
Tiras, according to Josephus, was the progenitor of the Thirasians, later called “Thracians” by the Greeks. The Thracians settled a region of southeastern Europe called “Thrace/Thracia” located in present-day southeastern Bulgaria, northeastern Greece, and the European part of Turkey, which is separated from mainland Turkey by the Bosporus strait. This region is bound by three bodies of water: The Aegean Sea, the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. Tiras is also the ancestor of non-Greek peoples of the Balkans including the Illyrians and Macedonians. The Macedonians later conquered the Greeks and the Thracians to form a Hellenist Greek state and empire
|Javan||Javan had issue, four sons Elishah, Tarshish (Tharsus), Kittim and Dodanim (Genesis 10:4, Jasher 7:6). Javan is the progenitor of the Greeks, who were formed from four major tribes – the Ionians (Javan), Aeolians (Elishah), Achaeans and Dorians (Dodanim):