History

Origins: The Family of Abraham: The Ishmaelites – Descendants of Abraham and Hagar

Shalom, everyone! The following is a diagram of the family of Abraham, the Ishmaelites, descendants of Abraham and his second wife Hagar, based upon the accounts of the Book of Genesis (Bereshith) in the Tanakh, the Book of Jasher, and the Book of Jubilees. Please click twice on the diagram to expand to full size:



The Family of Abraham: The Ishmaelites – Descendants of Abraham and Hagar

The Ishmaelites were a Hebrew people descended from Ishmael, the son of Abraham and his second wife, Hagar, an Egyptian woman. The Ishmaelites are also known as “Hagarenes.”  Ishmael was the first son of Abraham and his second wife Hagar, an Egyptian. According to the Book of JasherHagar was a daughter born to Pharaoh with one of his concubines. Pharaoh allowed his daughter to leave Egypt with Abraham and Sarah, so that she would learn from Sarah how to be a dignified lady. Hagar served as Sarah‘s handmaid. When Sarah could not conceive a child, Sarah suggested that Abraham take Hagar as a second wife and have children through her. Abraham complied and as a result Ishmael was born. Abraham was 86 years old when Ishmael was born.

Fourteen years later, Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son and heir, Isaac. Conflicts ensued among Sarah and Hagar: Sarah was jealous of Hagar and mistreated her, Hagar was disrespectful to Sarah. So that peace would return to the household, Abraham, at Sarah‘s urging, told Hagar and Ishmael to leave. Ishmael grew up and became a mighty archer.

Ishmael married:

  • Firstly Meribah/Ribah, an Egyptian woman, and had issue:
    • Four sons Nebayoth, KedarAdbeel, Mibsam and one daughter Mahalath (Basemath).
  • Secondly Malchuth, a Canaanite woman and had issue:
    • Eight sons, Masa, Dumah, Mishma, Chadad, Tema, Yetur, Naphish and Kedma.

According to the Book of JasherIshmael divorced Meribah after he heard that she had been disrespectful to his father Abraham, and abusive to their children. He then married Malchuth, a Canaanite woman, who won Abraham‘s approval due to her deep respect for him.

The Ishmaelites settled in the Arabian Peninsula, the Sinai Peninsula and Eastern Africa. They intermarried with their cousins, the Keturites (descendants of Abraham and his third wife Keturah), to form a people collectively known as the Arabs. As descendants of Abraham, the Ishmaelites/Arabs are still subject to the terms and conditions of the Abrahamic covenant (Genesis 12, Genesis 15, and Genesis 17).

Child of Ishmael Descendants
 Nebayoth Nebayoth was the first son of Ishmael and his first wife Meribah/Ribah. He had issue:

  • Three sons Mend, Send and Mayon.
 Kedar Kedar was the second son of Ishmael and his first wife Meribah/Ribah. He had issue:

  • Four sons Alyon, Kezem, Chamad and Eli.
 Adbeel Adbeel was the third son of Ishmael and his first wife Meribah/Ribah. He had issue:

  • Two sons Chamad and Jabin.
 Mibsam Mibsam was the fourth son of Ishmael and his first wife Meribah/Ribah. He had issue:

  • Three sons Obadiah, Ebedmelech, and Yeush.
 Mahalath (Basemath) Mahalath/Basemath was the first daughter of Ishmael and his first wife Meribah/Ribah. She married her cousin Esau son of Isaac, and had issue:

  • One son Reuel.
 Masa Masa was the fifth son of Ishmael and first son of his second wife Malchuth. He had issue:

  • Three sons Melon, Mula and Ebidadon.
 Dumah Dumah was the sixth son of Ishmael and second son of his second wife Malchuth. He had issue:

  • Four sons Kezed, Eli, Machmad, and Amed.
 Mishma Mishma was the seventh son of Ishmael and third son of his second wife Malchuth. He had issue:

  • Three sons Shamua, Zecaryon and Obed.
 Chadad Chadad was the eighth son of Ishmael and fourth son of his second wife Malchuth. He had issue:

  • Three sons Azur, Minzar, and Ebedmelech.
 Tema Tema was the ninth son of Ishmael and fifth son of his second wife Malchuth. He had issue:

  • Three sons Seir, Sadon, and Yakol.
 Yetur Yetur was the tenth son of Ishmael and sixth son of his second wife Malchuth. He had issue:

  • Four sons Merith, Yaish, Alyo, and Pachoth.
 Naphish Naphish was the eleventh son of Ishmael and seventh son of his second wife Malchuth. He had issue:

  • Three sons Ebed-Tamed, Abiyasaph and Mir.
 Kedma Kedma was the twelfth son of Ishmael and eighth son of his second wife Malchuth. He had issue:

  • Three sons Calip, Tachti, and Omir.
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