Shalom, everyone! Rosh Chodesh Aviv, the first day of the First Month, also known as Aviv, began on sundown Saturday, March 31, 2018, on the ecclesiastical lunar calendar, with the sighting of the full moon. Rosh Chodesh Aviv marks the first day of the ecclesiastical new year and the beginning of preparations for the annual mo’edim of Pesach (Passover), Chag HaHaMatzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread), and the start of Sefirat HaOmer (Counting of the Omer). In the Northern Hemisphere, this month’s full moon is also called the “Worm Moon.” TwelveTotems.org wishes a “Chodesh Tov” (“A Good Month”) to all who observe!
About This Month
The First Month of the ecclesiastical Erverh calendar is called “Aviv” in the Torah. According to the Torah, Aviv marks the beginning of the counting of months of the year and the beginning of the religious/ecclesiastical calendar for marking the annual mo’edim (appointed times) of YAH:
“The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt: This month shall mark for you the beginning of the months; it shall be the first of the months of the year for you,” ~ Exodus 12:1-2
The word “Aviv” is a Hebrew word which has several meanings including “spring” (one of the four seasons), and the stage when grain seeds have reached full growth and have filled with the necessary starch indicating maturity for harvest. During the course of the Babylonian Exile, the first month was named “Nisan,” a word of Assyrian-Babylonian origin. In the Tanakh, the first time this month is called “Nisan” is in Esther 3:7.
The First Month always begins with the first full moon after the arrival of the Vernal (Spring) Equinox. The first day of the First Month cannot precede the arrival of the Vernal (Spring) Equinox, even if only by hours, as this will cause the calendar to be out of sync, and the dates of the mo’edim to arrive outside with the seasons YAH designated for them.
The following are the holidays and special events that occur during during the First Month also known as “Aviv”:
- 1 of First Month (Aviv) – the first day of the ecclesiastical New Year
- 14 of First Month (Aviv) – Passover
- 15-21 of First Month (Aviv) – Chag HaMatzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread)
The following are some of the significant events in Israelite history which occurred during the First Month also known as Aviv:
- 1 of First Month – YAH instructs Noah to build the Ark warning him of the Flood. After the Flood, Noah opens the Ark window and sees dry land.
- 1 of First Month (circa 1456 BCE) – First commandment is given to the House of Israel (Exodus 12:1-2)
- 1 of First Month (circa 1455 BCE) – Mishkan (Tabernacle) inaugurated; death of Nadav and Avihu
- 1 of First Month (2127 AM) – Birth of Judah, son of Jacob.
- 7 of First Month (circa 1416 BCE) – Joshua sends two spies to Jericho.
- 10 of First Month (circa 1417 BCE) – Death of Miriam, 39 years after the Exodus.
- 10 of First Month (circa 1416 BCE) – The Israelites cross the Jordan river into Canaan (Joshua 4)
- 13 of First Month (circa 474 BCE) – Haman‘s decree to annihilate the Judeans is passed.
- 15 of First Month (circa 1713 BCE) – Birth of Isaac
- 15 of First Month (circa 1456 BCE) – The Exodus from Egypt
- 15 of First Month (474 BCE) Esther appears before Achashverosh unsummoned and invites him and Haman to a feast to be held the same day. During the feast she requests that the king and Haman attend a second feast the next day.
- 16 of First Month (circa 474 BCE) – Esther‘s second feast during which she accuses Haman regarding his plot to annihilate her nation. Achashverosh orders his servants to hang Haman.
- 16 of First Month (circa 1273 BCE) – The Children of Israel stop eating Manna, six days after entering the Holy Land.
- 17 of First Month (circa 24th century BCE) Noah’s Ark came to rest on mountains of Ararat.
- 17 of First Month (circa 474 BCE) – Haman hanged after Queen Esther’s second drinking party.
- 21 of First Month (circa 1456 BCE) – The sea splits, allowing Israel to escape the Egyptian army.
- 26 of First Month (circa 1386 BCE) – Death of Joshua
- 28 of First Month (circa 1415 BCE) – Conquest of Jericho by Joshua (Joshua 6).