Shalom everyone! In modern Hebrew, the psalms are known as “tehillim.” In post-exilic Second Temple-era tradition, each day of the week is assigned a specific psalm that is recited at the end of daily morning prayer services. These psalms are collectively referred to as the “psalm of the day” or “shir shel yom.” Each “shir shel yom” was chosen for it’s relation to that day’s significance in the week of Creation. The following is a list of the psalms for the days of the week. Click on the link of each psalm to view both the modern Hebrew text and English translation of each psalm from Mechon-Mamre:
Psalms for the Days of the Week
|Day of the Week||Psalm of the Day
(Shir Shel Yom)
|Yom Rishon (First Day)||Psalm 24||Sundays, at the end of morning prayer services.|
|Yom Sheni (Second Day)||Psalm 48||Mondays, at the end of morning prayer services.|
|Yom Shlishi (Third Day)||Psalm 82||Tuesdays, at the end of morning prayer services.|
|Yom Revi’i (Fourth Day)||Psalm 94||Wednesdays, at the end of morning prayer services.|
|Yom Chamishi (Fifth Day)||Psalm 81||Thursdays, at the end of morning prayer services.|
|Yom Shishi (Sixth Day)||Psalm 93||Fridays, at the end of morning prayer services.|
| Yom Shabbat
|Psalm 92||Fridays during evening prayers which usher in the Sabbath Day (Kabbalat Shabbat); Saturdays during morning prayer services; and as the “psalm of the day” (shir shel yom) at the end of Saturday morning prayer services.|
In a work of Talmudic literature called the “Baraita,” Rabbi Yehuda, in the name of Rabbi Akiva, gives the following rationale behind the selection of each shir shel yom for a specific day of the week. Our notation of the psalm for each day is in [bold text]:
- [Psalm 24] On Sunday, LAdonai ha’aretz u’melo’ah (“The earth is YHVH’s and the fullness thereof…”) is recited, in reference to the first day of Creation, on which God acquired the universe, bequeathed it to mankind and ruled over His world by Himself.
- [Psalm 48] On Monday, Gadol Adonai u’mehulal me’od (“Great is YHVH, and highly to be praised…”) is recited, in reference to the second day of Creation, on which He separated the things that he made (the heavens from the earth) and reigned over them.
- [Psalm 82] On Tuesday, Elohim nitzav ba’adat El (“Elohim standeth in the congregation of El…”) is recited, in reference to the third day of Creation, on which He exposed the land with His wisdom, thus preparing the world for His assembly.
- [Psalm 94] On Wednesday, El nikamot Adonai (“O YHVH, Thou El to whom vengeance belongeth…”) is recited, in reference to the fourth day of Creation, on which He created the sun and the moon and how he will ultimately exact punishment from those who worship them.
- [Psalm 81] On Thursday, Harninu leilohim uzeinu (“Sing joyously to the Elohim of our might…”) is recited, in reference to the fifth day of Creation, on which He created the birds and the fish to give praise to his name.
- [Psalm 93] On Friday, Adonai malach gei’ut laveish (“YHVH has reigned, he had donned grandeur…”) is recited, in reference to the sixth day of Creation, on which He completed his work and reigned over his creations.
- [Psalm 92] On the Sabbath, Mizmor shir leyom haShabbat (“A song, a hymn for the Sabbath day…”) is recited, in reference to the seventh day of Creation, which is a day that is entirely Sabbath.