Shalom, everyone! After the incident of the Golden Calf (Exodus 32), YAH commanded Moshe (Moses) to hew two stone tablets upon which YAH would write the same words that were upon the first set of tablets that Moses broke in anger at the sin of Yisra’el. YAH commanded Moshe to come up to Mount Sinai alone to the top of the mountain. There, YAH descended in a cloud, stood with Moshe and proclaimed His Name, YHVH. As YAH passed before Moshe, He proclaimed what is referred to in Judaism as “The Thirteen Attributes of Mercy.” These may be found in Exodus 34:6-7. These words are very special as YAH proclaimed them about Himself. We should remember and internalize how YAH describes Himself so that we will always have an accurate view of who He is.
Indeed YAH is merciful, He forgives our iniquities, transgressions and sins, however, His Mercy should never be taken for granted. If we continue in disobedience, He will visit our iniquities upon our children unto the third and fourth generations. While we are comforted in YAH‘s Mercy, we must remember that we have a responsibility to ourselves and to our descendants to obey His Commandments.
The following are YAH‘s Thirteen Attributes of Mercy as recorded in Exodus 34:6-7. Each attribute is denoted by a number (#). Please note that YAH’s Name, “YHVH” is an attribute of His Mercy:
And the LORD (YHVH) passed by before him, and proclaimed:
(1)‘The LORD (YHVH),
(2) the LORD (YHVH),
(3) God (El),
(4) merciful (Rachum)
(5) and gracious (v’Chanun)
(6) long-suffering (Erech Apayim),
(7) and abundant in goodness (v’Rav Chesed)
(8) and truth (v’Emet);
(9) keeping mercy unto the thousandth generation (Notzer chesed la’alafim),
(10) forgiving iniquity (Noseh avon)
(11) and transgression (vaFeshah)
(12) and sin (v’Chata’ah);
(13) and that will by no means clear the guilty visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and unto the fourth generation.’ (veNakeh, lo yeNakeh, poked avon avot al-banim b’nei al-shileshim v’al-ribeim).
Categories: Line By Line